The exhibition follows the chronology of the demarcation, division and reunification of the two German states between 1945 and 1990. With reference to the region of the Südharz, the significant cornerstones of the division are presented on display panels, with exhibits, in dioramas and in multimedia steles. The exhibition content is also offered digitally, all you need is a mobile phone with a QR scanner.

Exhibition section A: 1945

The end of the war in 1945 in the southern Harz region and the division of Germany begins in the rubble of destroyed towns and landscapes.

Exhibition Section B: 1945 - 1961
The exchange of territories in July 1945 and border commuting shape the post-war period.


In 1952, the GDR introduced a police order to close the border.
As a result, militarily trained police units are tasked with securing the border.



Exhibition Section C: Escape in the Southern Harz Region
Statistics and special escape attempts in the region of the Südharz between 1949 and 1989.

Exhibition Section D: 1961 - 1989
Securing the border with barbed wire, mine barriers and automatic firing systems. The "Green Border" was hermetically sealed off.


From 1980 until the end of the GDR, border security with modern signal fences increasingly shifted to the backcountry.

Exhibition Section E: 1989 - 1990
Opening of the border in 1989 and the demolition of the border security elements. Peaceful reunification of Germany in 1990.

Exhibition Section F: Turn of the times

The integration of the Federal Republic of Germany into the West, the police order to seal off the demarcation line, forced resettlements from the border area and the decisions of the Second Party Conference of the SED in July 1952 pave the way for the deep and long-lasting division of Germany.